E-mails etc from Ian Carruthers

----- Original Message -----
From: "pheeline" <pheeline@mweb.co.zw>To:
Sent: Thursday, June 28, 2007 8:24 PMSubject: Re: [TPS] Pioneer Photo
Dear Ian,
Please would you kindly send me the pic, I'd be very interested to see
the photo of Pat Fletcher.
Philippa Fletcher
----- Original Message -----
From: "Ian & Michelle Carruthers" <home@zim.co.zw>
To: "gene Rhod pioneer list" <RHODESIAN-PIONEERS@rootsweb.com>; "Gene
Victorians world wide" <victoriansworldwide@yahoogroups.com>
Cc: "sydwheel" <sydwheel@iafrica.com>
Sent: Friday, April 27, 2007 8:35 AM
Subject: [TPS] Pioneer Photo

Have a reasonably clear photo of the 1890 pioneers taken in 1925 [With permission of Ian Carruthers. - see below]
presumably at an anniversary ceremony.
I have identified several of the pioneers with the exception of six!
Top Row: Bob Carruthers, -, -, -,Skipper Hoste, - , J L Crawford, Alfred Drew
Bottom row:
Jack Carruthers, -, J A Edmonds, -, Papenfus, Dr Vigne, Pat Fletcher ,M E Weale.
----- Original Message -----
From: Ian McAnleister To: home@zim.co.zw
Sent: Monday, July 09, 2007 8:02 AM
Subject: Rhodesian

Dear Ian and Michelle Carruthers
I have received this address from my cousin in law Philippa Fletcher who has forwarded to me a photo of Pioneers including my grandfather Pat Fletcher and his friends Papenfus and Dr Vigne.
I would very much like to use this image in a family archive website in preparation, either directly or as a link.
Could you pleased tell me something about the websites mentioned in my cousin's letter, if you are connected with them, as well as any other Rhodesiana information about yourselves.
I am was born in Bulawayo, and am writing from Australia.
Best wishes
Neil Fletcher

----- Original Message ----
From: Ian & Michelle Carruthers <home@zim.co.zw>
To: Ian McAnleister <mcanleister@yahoo.com>
Sent: Tuesday, July 10, 2007 2:11:27 AM
Subject: Re: rhodesiana

Hi Neil

Firstly thanks for dropping me a line. Not sure what websites your cousin sites in her correspondence to you, so cannot comment on that. The photo you are welcome to use on your website (please mention at the bottom that it has been extracted with permission from the book "I walked Rhodesia" by Ian Carruthers home@zim.co.zw) and that it is not to be used on anyone else's site without my permission. I am about to release a pioneer book with this photo and others in it held under my copyright so don't want to really offer it to any Tom Dick or Harry at this stage.

Rhodesiana connections:
My grandfathers brother Jack Carruthers came out in 1891.
The Carruthers family owned the farm Oatlands incorporating & surrounding the Zimbabwe ruins, also with Posselt found the first beads & trinkets there near the fountain at the ruin entrance. Jack spent a lot of time in the Angwa pegging hundreds of mining
claims including the Ayrshire mine & laying claim to being one of the first pioneers to discover the Chinhoyi Lime Caves.
Jacks brother eventually settled on Doro ranch in Belingwe after his trading
store called Matalusi. My grandfather Norman worked for him for some time then moved to his own farm in Masvingo (Fort Vic). All of us children were born in Fort Vic then moved to Enkeldoorn then Gwelo. Am currently in Harare.

Your grandfather Pat, would he be related to the Johnson & Fletcher group founders?
I knew a Steve Fletcher from Beatrice (Chicken farmer) left two years ago think now in Oz.
Let me know if there is anything else specific you are interested in. Regrettably my pioneer data base has not got anything on "Fletcher" it's mainly based on the people that had contact with my family.
best rgds

Sent: Tuesday, July 10, 2007 8:59 AM
Subject: Re: rhodesiana
Dear Ian
Many thanks. I will reply more fully later. There is a good possibility there is other material of mutual interest.
No not the J&F family. I believe that Fletcher might have briefly worked for Pat.
Pat was a surveyor, laid out Bulawayo in January 1894, published map of The Surveyed Properties of Matabeleland, in London, in 1897. His company was called Fletcher & Espin. Other members of the family were in politics in the first Administration in the 1920.s and also with Huggins, Todd.
Did you know a family called Carruthers-Smith?
Best wishes
Neil Fletcher

Hi Neil

Pat & Jack Carruthers obviously rubbed shoulders on many occasions. Jack was responsible for surveying/cutting the road from Banket to the Chirundu border & well as the rail survey map for the line that was going to cross below the Kariba wall. I have the blueprint for it.

Carruthers - Smith: Yes know of the Lawyer Richard. Think was in Gwelo then Mutare
my brother also knew one in Chiredzi. I think there was a Rodney Charles as well confusing as my Dad is Ronald Chancellor so having the same initials mail was often miss posted.


Sent: Monday, July 23, 2007 8:40 AM
Subject: pioneers ID
Hello Ian
Have just noticed something which I would like to query with you in the photo we spoke about.
The front sitting row.
I speculate it makes more sense as
Person, Person, Person, Papenfus, Dr Vigne, Fletcher, Person, Person.
for this reason I would be most interested in any further material, anecdotal or image, on how the identifications of Papenfus and Dr Vigne have been made for you.
For the time being I wont supply my images because I dont want to influence or put doubts in your mind, since my id's are not 100%.
N. Fletcher

Hi - Got my details from the Harare archives from the back of the photo so that's not gospel either. Papenfus was known to be a big fellow - My Uncle Bob knew him whilst still in Belingwe West & Bob's brother Jack knew him in Salisbury. Thanks for your valued input.

From: Ian McAnleister
To: Ian & Michelle Carruthers

I am fairly definite about the identity of Papenfus now. Do you have any stuff on Tex Long, Billy Lynch, Matabele Wilson and his daughter Mae (Sp?) who were my grandfather's friends, Also Moffat who was in the first governments.?
Regards NF

Some Fletcher notes for you perhaps your family? would you have anything to add re the Celtic mine - perhaps Johnson & Fletcher's first names?
rgds Ian

Mining in Bulawayo
Based on writings by Oswald Botton (in 1968)

The manager of the Celtic Mine was a kindly and courteous old gent by the name of Tom Tooley - a most likeable soft-spoken refined old man and a close family friend He was incapable of saying an unkind word about anyone. Johnson and Fletcher, the well-known mechanical engineering firm, once owned the mine. They had erected a new type of stamp mill on the mine, called the Tremain Mill to prove its suitability for conditions in this country. This mill was the first of its kind and not very successful, revealing some major disadvantages. As an employee of the Celtic Mine it was one of my (Oswald) duties to cycle over to the Killarney Mine about 10 miles distant with the Celtic?s monthly output in gold bullion. The bullion together with the Killarney?s output would be taken to the Filabusi Siding. Mr Plaistow, the Mine Secretary, accepted it for transportation. The transport was a four-wheeled tented cape cart ccc known as the ?Gold coach?, drawn by 4 mules. In April 1906 Mr Plaistow, with his mule driver, was on his way to the railhead and was approaching the bottom of a deep ravine about 6 miles from the siding when he was held up in true western fashion by masked bandits armed to the hilt. The bandits halted the vehicle by shooting the two leading animals and ordered the occupants of the cart to get out. George the driver slipped out of his seat in a trice and reached the cover of the nearby bush before the bandits could do anything to prevent his escape. Meanwhile Mr Plaistow was blindfolded and ordered to retrace his steps along the road. As soon as he was out of sight, the bandits got busy offloading their bounty that consisted of several boxes of gold bullion, amounting to nearly 2000 oz. The bandits concealed it in thick undergrowth nearby. Whilst this was going on, George the driver had reached a trading store on the road about 4 miles back. He reported the robbery to the storekeeper who in turn was able to get in touch with the police. 3 Europeans, an unemployed miner and an ex B.S.A. Police member (also owner of a small mine in the area), were apprehended and charged with the robbery within the week. They ccc (Mastermind Joe Phelan included) were found ?not guilty? and discharged because of insufficient evidence - the gold was found intact still hidden in the undergrowth near the scene of the hold up.

Thanks for the notes which I will keep as Rhodesiana.
This Fletcher was no relation. I believe worked for my grandfather's surveying firm for a while when he first came to Rhodesia however. His first names of Johnson and Fletcher have momentarily slipped my mind, but I will let you know when I remember them. His grandsons I know - one called Peter Johnson who is a well known wild life photographer with books on the region, the other Anthony is in various things in Botswana and the other Myles was in Natal farming. Their mother was Pleasance Johnson who married Hugh Beadle the Chief Justice when Johnson died.

Our family did own a number of mines in the region. The True Blue and the Little Wonder in the Filabusi area, the Dogstar on the outskirts of Byo, and a number of others whose names I forget, as well as the Babs, the Primose, the Blair Athol, the Trace of Gold, and the W.O in the Que Que area.
I am fairly definite about the identity of Papenfus now.
Do you have any stuff on Tex Long, Billy Lynch, Matabele Wilson and his daughter Mae (Sp?) who were my grandfather's friends, Also Moffat who was in the first governments.?
How far off is meltdown?

Hi - Thanks for the feed back
Got a bit on Papenfus & Tex Long, lots on Billy Lynch & Matabele Wilson (nothing on his daughter) or Moffat . Got a good pick of Matabele W & Jack Carruthers. Would you like a copy. What sort of details are you wanting ie connected to which incidents? With the exception of Papenfus all had connections with Jack Carruthers being Victoria Scouts.
R U writing a book?
Ian C

Not writing a book as such. Just filling a family archive website with stuff directly related, to start with at any rate. So am interested in Rhodesiana. But re Tex Long, Billy Lynch, Matabele Wilson, Papenfus - they were all personal friends of my grandparents so naturally I want as much as I can on them.

would certainly like a pic of Mat W and Jack C. Re details connected with: - nothning specific. We have a section Anecdotes - so are interested in anything.
If you have articles you have written etc we would certianly like to link to them - or include them under your name, copyright etc.
What sort of business are you in.

Hi - Was in Brakes clutches radiators & batteries for many years now run & operate a small brake relining business for international trucks & trailers. Concord & Somabhula? no idea. I do miss my fishing with these fuel constraints perhaps I can retire to the banks of the Zambezi running a safari camp or similar if there's any fish left by then

Jack & M B W attached

Sent: Thursday, August 16, 2007 1:04 AM
Subject: Re: Celtic mine +
Dear Ian
Many thanks for the photo. Presumably that is Wilson on the right. He was older? In all the photos I have he seems to have a favourite sort of bush hat. Maybe sometime you could send a biography of Jack - date & place of birth, death, where he spent his life etc etc and maybe a bit of a family tree.
I am putting up email correspondence - edited down a bit - in a Bulletins section of our site. It means the data is captured and I dont have to spend time composing things - and there can be hyperlinks in an7y direction. I would like to do this for our correspondence if that is OK with you.
By the way you mentioned you had anecdotal etc srtuff on Lynch, Papenfus, Wuilson, Tex Long etc.
If this is not ioncluded in your book or if you are not doing anything else with it I would also very much appreciate anything of it you could send for inclusion.

A basic tree of the more prominent members of the Carruthers family
My tree is currently in excess of 2500 persons and for logistics would never fit here.
The attached brief includes mainly the pioneers.
Ian .............................. ps. my book is currently with the publishers awaiting its first review (been there for four months now!!!) so cant send all details till the Copyright is secured, however will search to see if I have other notes of interest.

Beginning of the Rebellion 1896
Bob Carruthers and Mt'Jane were well acquainted. He supported his traditional monkey skin kilt with Jackal fur overcoat of sorts. Mt'Jane Kumalo, one of Lo'Bengula's principal M'Bizo Induna's in Matabeleland, had come to see Bobs father James resident in Bulawayo. He had asked for M'Bobo "Bob", he having interpreted for them several times. Mt'Jane said, 'I have something particular to tell him.' He refused to disclose anything to anyone else. Not finding Bob in Bulawayo he went away quite concerned. Bob was away towards Tuli after coal for Willoughby's Company.

Shortly after this the Rebellion had begun, Bob's farming neighbours in the Doro Range, Harry Posselt and Billy Lynch adjoining, were making for the Belingwe store for protection. Twelve miles away, their sixty oxen with a few dairy cows had been looted the previous night. Carl Creamer found six of Billy's cattle were dead from sickness. Harry was the owner of Dora Ranch during the outbreak of the rebellion.

W. Nauhaus and Carl Cremer were both living with him. Around eight pm a party of thirty or so had gathered at the Belingwe hotel. A few men were still missing, some from farther out and only expected the following day. Several days later Bob Carruthers still had not arrived! Harry's brother Willie was in Natal recuperating from the sever effects of Malaria.

"Making my (Bob Carruthers) way back alone on foot, from M'Posi's place, twenty miles from Belingwe I made for M'Tipi's (Ma'Tibi's) kraal. Around mid-day I met an old woman, working on the land who hailed me, asking where I was going. 'You had better return, as there is trouble ahead. Where you sleep, keep one eye open she told me. I decided to go on. I reached the kraal of a native I knew well, who proved a friend he never left me that night while I rested."

At daylight, he strongly advised Bob to go on to M'Tipi's. On his way there appeared on a rocky ridge three or four hundred yards away a raiding party of about a dozen Matabele holding an Indaba. They noticed him before he got a chance to head for cover. As they were armed and there had been vague rumours recently of a Native rising, he did not like the look of things one bit. To show no fear he approached and requested a drink saying calmly, 'what are you men doing out so early.' They replied in the same terms, handing him a calabash with water to drink. He placed his gun loaded between his legs, having to seize the vessel with both hands. One of them grabbed his gun from behind furiously, he dashed the water in their faces he was shot at by his own rifle, fortunately missing him Etc

Hi - Yes Wilson on the right, all you need to know about Jack and more will be in my book when it eventually comes out. Here is a sneak preview:
Author book overview ? 2007
I walked Rhodesia
1st edition draft ? Copyright
Compiled by Ian Carruthers - January 2007
A detailed biography of Jack Carruthers, his family and fellow Pioneers.
True- life accounts of the hardships and achievements of the early prospectors that laid the foundations of Rhodesia. Gleaned from Carruthers family correspondence, notebooks, newspapers, archived material and descendants of the Rhodesian Pioneers.

In 1896, Jacks father James leaves Scotland via Southampton on the Immigrant ship Coldstream destined for Algoa bay. He opens up a Cobbling shop in Grahamstown South Africa - the ?Eastern Boot Manufacturing Company? . They have several children, among the boys youngest to oldest, is my Grandfather Norman, then Bill, Bob & John ?Jack? Carruthers.

The biography accounts for the children?s school grounding and athletic achievements in some of the first schools in the Eastern Cape. With the advent of the Basutu war Jack signs up at age 16 with the Cape Mounted Yeomanry. He details his close shave whilst fleeing on horseback from the enemy, describing every movement of his mount whilst leaping the numerous gullies around the mountain foothills of Basutuland.

Jack ends up in the short lived Stellaland Campaign, way up north towards Kuruman & Vryburg. Becoming an escort and Dutch interpreter to Cecil John Rhodes. He has interesting accounts of his experiences whilst traveling with Mr Rhodes to various meetings with opposition dignitaries.
November 1888 he is asked by C J Rhodes to assume charge of the rifles and ammunition to be sent to King Lo?Bengula in order to secure a mineral concession for the great stretch of land between the Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers. 1889 is spent on a special undercover intelligence mission for Mr Rhodes, investigating the supposed opposition trek commando of Louis Ardendorf. Following which he assists in the cutting of the track for the Pioneer columns entry to fort Tuli on the northern side of the Limpopo River.

Jack entered Rhodesia before the columns arrival at Tuli and in the interim travels to and from Pietersburg running urgent postal errands where he falls ill and cannot continue after the pioneers due to the flooded Limpopo. The following year 1891 Jack meets up with the Posselt brothers trekking north and joins them in their endeavor to reach Victoria just off the eastern Matebele border under the rule of King Lo?Bengula. Various stories are related on this perilous journey up to Victoria and consequently onto Salisbury pressing farther north to the remote Angwa Goldfields, the district of Chief Lo?Magondi. The wild density of the area between Sailsbury and the Angwa River are explained in great detail by Jack. Gripping tails of numerous accounts with Lions, Hyeans and other discomforts thrown at them. The swift and unnecessary murder of the old Chief lo?Magondi is briefly covered from a different perspective.

A fluent linguist Jack becomes well respected among many of the Natives in Lomagundi, he has associations with Chief Chinhoyi, the honey-eating whistling pigmies and the Makori-Kori, mentioning many by name. On receipt of a two year crushing grant he returns south to secure a milling plant for his syndicate mining operation in Lomagundi. On his return south via Victoria, his brother Bob together with the Posselts discover gold artifacts in the surrounds of the Great Zimbabwe ruins.

On meeting Mr Rhodes in Kimberly 1892, under instruction from him Jack forms the Somerset-East trek party consisting of 37 people destined to enter Rhodesia and receive free grants of farmland. They have an eventful trek up meeting the likes of the Nortons, Meikles and other soon to be prominent personalities. On reaching Victoria Jack pegs Oatlands Estate surrounding and incorporating the Great Zimbabwe ruins which he initially uses as a cattle krall.

The Matabele war was now imminent his old friend Allan Wilson requests him to gather together some men together to form the Victoria Scouts. Most of his trek party sign up. He details the three battles fought and outlines his brother Bobs involvement. Between this war and the Rebellion to follow three years later, Jack returns to his old stomping ground in Lomagundi builds a farmhouse and secures some shops in Salisbury to keep him busy during the wet seasons. Returning to Somerset-East to assist another small trek party up to the Promised Land that included his father, sister, the Bottons and Sparrows among others. This was also to stock his farms Mapunga & Stockdale with some pure bred Heifers that eventually succumbed to Rinderpest. etc etc

Jack finally sums up his memories of the early days in Somerset-East. The book after the Rebellion period is dotted with numerous pomes he wrote by his fireside camps throughout Southern Africa and illustrated with both sketches by family members and photos. It contains events both humorous and tragic some told here for the first time, many tales retold from a different perspective - through the eyes of a prospector who was there! This overview only touches on a few of the numerous tales that unfold in this captivating biography.

?A long time ago, I spent time in Basutoland. The story for me had the characteristics of authenticity and brought a lump to my throat.?
Garfield Clack
?Your stories make it as if you can smell the horses!?
David McKay
?We know the conditions the pioneers went through but bringing it all back was hard going for me! In its tragic way it was marvellous and all came to life.?
Moira Posselt
Notes from my cousin Oswald Botton

1910 about this time, Uncle Bob Carruthers had purchased an old gold mine in the Gwanda area called the Mazeppa Mine on which he erected a five-stamp battery and engaged his brother, Bill, to assist him in the running of the mine. Bill and Evelyn were a childless couple, but passionately fond of children

The Bucks Reef was only about twelve miles from the Mazeppa, so I took the opportunity of cycling over, at frequent intervals, whilst Mom and Dad were there. L.N. Papenfus, a well known character and a Rhodesian pioneer who had contracted to cut and transport the firewood to the mine was, by then, operating from a distance of 25 miles which, by any standard, made the wood-burning boilers an uneconomical proposition. They installed the country?s heaviest five-stamp gravity mill each stamp weighing one ton. They also erected machinery which would generate gas from Wankie coal for the necessary power and this new plant created such a favourable impression among the mining community that several other mines followed suit, thereby assisting in putting a stop to the wanton depletion of valuable indigenous timber in the mining areas of the country.

Gerald Black, was a keen and knowledgeable mining man and, as a small worker, had mined in the Gwanda area for many years. At this time Gerald was developing the Freda Mine, a large, low-grade, rubble proposition. In order to prove the extent and the depth of the rubble, Gerald had to sink a series of shallow shafts and it was on one of these shafts, which was about 25 feet deep, that an accident occurred.

One of the essential articles of equipment required for use by small workers for shaft sinking was a windlass barrel, consisting of a stout portion of the trunk of a tree, about six feet long. At each end is inserted strong metal handles. To this barrel -like piece of timber is securely attached one end of a wire rope whilst, attached to the other end of the rope, is a mining bucket which is used for hauling up earth from the bottom of the shaft to the surface. This windlass barrel is placed on horizontal wooden frames across the mouth of the shaft, so that two boys at the top can operate the bucket up and down the shaft by means of the metal handles fitted to the barrel on which the rope winds.

Two boys lowered Gerald in the bucket. He had with him enough detonated cartridges to charge six holes previously drilled by his boys. He filled the holes, tamping down the charges of dynamite and, having lit the fuses, signalled the boys to, ?Pezulu?; but he had not been raised more than five feet from the bottom of the shaft when the rope fouled and slipped onto the bar of one of the handles, which effectively prevented the boys from operating the windlass and bucket either up or down the shaft. Gerald immediately saw his predicament; the fuses were furiously burning and he had to make an instant decision whether to jump out of the bucket to try and cut the fuses before they reached their destination, or whether to ?stay put? in the bucket, enduring the consequences of the explosion. He decided on the latter course of action, braced against the bucket, feet inside, entwining his arms around the wire rope. He tucked his head into his arms - and waited. The six charges exploded. Meanwhile, the two boys had panicked and fled for assistance from the nearest Europeans, who were about half a mile away. They came as quickly as possible and righted the rope. Gerald was hauled to the surface, still grimly clinging to the rope but with his clothes torn to shreds and his whole body lacerated by fragments of rock and rubble which had been hurled from side to side within the confines of the shaft. He was beginning to suffocate from the effects of the fumes.

Land Bank and The British South Africa Company extending over nearly 25 years, during which time I (Oswald) had enjoyed the privilege and pleasure of meeting many interesting and important people; stalwarts in fact, of a bygone age, who had played major roles in the affairs of the country many of whom are linked with the stirring history of Southern Rhodesia in the early days of its occupation. It might be of interest to note down some of the personalities I met during my association with the Land Bank: Sir Henry Birchenough; Sir Lewis Mitchell; Sir J.G. McDonald; Sir Charles Coghlan; Sir Drummond Chaplin; Major Percy Inskipp; Major Maurice Heany; H. Marshall Hole and more, besides. Apart from the foregoing ?big noises? who occupied the stage in those early days, I also enjoyed the pleasure of being within hand-shaking distance of Cecil John Rhodes when as a member of the St. George?s School Cadet Corps, I was on parade for the laying of the Foundation Stone of the Bulawayo Drill Hall by Mr. Rhodes in 1901. In addition, of course, I recall being on friendly terms with many of Rhodesia?s well-known old Pioneers, including Texas Long; Skipper Hoste; Billy Lynch, to mention just a few of those worthy old characters. When I finally severed my active association with the Land Bank which coincided with the completion of my duty as liquidator, Colonel Robins (later Lord Robins), requested me to join the staff of the Rhodesia Milling Company, also an off-shoot of the B.S.A. Company, to undertake and ... control the sole agency for Lever Brothers products which were being railed from their Durban factory for allocation and distribution throughout Southern and Northern Rhodesia. For the next two years, therefore, I was responsible for the allocation and despach of all Lever Brothers products to commercial concerns scattered throughout the Rhodesias; until Lever Brothers decided to open their own factory in Salisbury whereupon my services became redundant.

However, soon after leaving Lever Brothers, I was offered and accepted a post as the first Area Secretary for the Bulawayo branch of the Automobile etc

By Jack Carruthers composed by Ian Carruthers:
Just after leaving Victoria whilst trying to catch the Column on route to Iron Mine hill prior to Bembezi 1893: I (Jack Carruthers) walked on for several miles before halting for the night. Early the next morning I found a ?pickanin? to carry part of my kit and walked on in the direction the scouts had gone the day before. I had walked some 5 miles when I heard a few shots fired. On reaching the spot I found my friend Texas Long shooting fowls with his revolver. My young brother Bob and Bain were with him.?